Dermatoepidemiology is the use of epidemiology for skin diseases aِnd focuses on the study of skin diseases’ prevalence aِnd outbreak aِnd their risk factors. In the history of science, dermatoepidemiology has mostly been recognized by clinical experience of James Lind in treating scurvy in sailors aِnd clinical study of Joseph Goldberger in patients with pellagra. However, during past decades, a variety of attempts have been made by different scientific associations around the world to develop this branch of science. Probably, the main project is developing a dermatoepidemiology curriculum by the Epidemiology Expert Resource Group of American Academy of Dermatology (AAD).
Today, comparing to the past, dermatoepidemiology, especially in the field of clinical epidemiology, plays a more prominent role in accurate diagnosis of a skin disease (Natural History), prognosis aِnd evaluation of preventive aِnd treatment interventions in the science of dermatology. Thus, the CRTSDL Dermatoepidemiology Unit, alongside with other units, also tries to achieve two main goals based on the general policies of the Center for Research aِnd Training in Skin Diseases aِnd Leprosy:
- Continuous improvement of researches regarding their planning aِnd performing, aِnd distributing their results with an emphasis on the common skin diseases (including leishmaniosis), specialized treatments of skin cancer aِnd clinical studies of new medications for skin aِnd hair diseases.
- Helping to institutionalize the Evidence-Based Dermatology approach through continuous training in research methodology, distribution of results aِnd making dermatology researches applicable.